Winter is an ideal time to tune our skin and correct some defects that may have appeared, in almost all cases, as a result of exposure to the sun. The clearest examples are what we commonly call “sunspots”, and they can be mainly of two types.
Types of skin spots
It is a diffuse hyperpigmentation of small size that can have different colorations, which normally range from ash gray to dark brown. The most frequent areas of appearance are the forehead, the cheeks, the nasal dorsum, above the lip, the chin, the upper limbs and the neckline. It can occur during or after pregnancy.
Also called “age spots”, they are small and have a variable coloration of lighter or darker browns. They are more frequent in people with clear skin and also from the age of 40 since the skin loses the capacity for regeneration.
Although they are similar to freckles, unlike these, they persist when exposure to the sun ceases.
There are other spots that can also occur in areas such as the neck, back, and lower limbs, and depend on sun damage, medication, exposure to chemicals and the skin type of patients. Thus, patients with lighter skin will have a greater tendency to present this type of lesions. Keep reading http://www.stylecraze.com/articles/how-to-get-rid-of-dark-spots-on-your-hands/
First of all, photoprotection
This is the basis for any treatment. Dermatologist reminds us that “a protector of factor 30 or higher must always be used and the appropriate renovations must be carried out, every 2 hours, in the exposed areas.
Treatments to eliminate stains
The most frequent are the peelings, since in a short time you get improvement, and not only of the pigmentation but also of other factors such as the texture and luminosity of the skin and even the slight signs of photo-aging such as hyperkeratosis, fine wrinkles, color alterations, opaque skin, yellowish hue, etc. There are different types depending on the intensity.
Types of peelings:
Medium surface peeling
It works at the level of the epidermis and superficial dermis, so they do not treat the problem in depth, but have the advantage of producing only redness or a fine desquamation, which can be combined with daily activity. They are the most used due to their good tolerance and high effectiveness, without specifying the rest time of routine life.
The treatment is at the level of the deep dermis, which generates a more intense exfoliation. The problem is that it can cause bleeding and crusting, which usually requires a time of rest, away from the routine for one or two weeks.
There are other physical therapies such as radiofrequency, laser, pulsed light or cryotherapy, which can also help improve the tone and texture of the skin.
The key is in the continuity
As in almost all aesthetic treatments, one of the most important points is consistency, both with photoprotection and treatments. Therefore, once the desired result has been obtained, it is necessary to follow the maintenance treatment recommended by the specialist. And in summer, do not forget that sun protection should be even more intense and consult the dermatologist about depigmenting treatments valid for months of high UV radiation.
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